Day Two, Ephesus, Turkey
I needed another day at Ephesus as there is so much to photograph. I was joined by my friend Mike Martin who along with his wife Cathy have lived in Turkey for five years. Mike will be with me for most of my time here.
We happened to wander off the beaten path to discover the Temple of Serapis from the 2nd century. You won't find many pictures of this online as it is not open to the public... like I said, we wandered off the path. You can see the enormity of the pillars with Mike leaning against them.
The cult of Serapis was originally Egyptian but passed into Greek and Roman religious life and found fertile ground for growth in Ephesus, where this temple was built. It was constructed in the 2nd century for the Egyptian cult of Serapis. The temple sat on a terrace above the courtyard. Built along prostyle lines, the column capitals found were 1.5 m in diameter, meaning that the columns were as much as 57 tons of weight. The entrance was extremely wide and had a double door. Since the door was metal, it had wheels on the bottom, with a readily visible track in the floor.
Without a doubt the most attractive part of the temple was the facade. It was 15 m. high with 57-ton columns supporting it on either side and had galleries surrounding a entryway courtyard. It is still possible to see the columns and upper parts in front of the temple. The structure was later used as a church. It is easy to see that earthquakes in ancient times did a lot of damage to the temple.
I found this structure intriguing. This archway is found in the theatre gymnasium.
Here is a wonderful view of the large 25,000 seat theatre in Ephesus.
Today I had to revisit a few locations that I had photographed yesterday as the light was different and I wanted to capture a few different angles. Here you can see clearly the steps / seats that surrounded the outer area of the Celsus Library.
Here you can see Hadrian's Temple on Curetes Street leading down to the Celsus Library.
It was a privilege to photograph this ancient fresco from the time of Saint Paul. This location is not accessible to tourists - "usually". This is a five image "walking" panorama.
The Church of Mary (Meryem Kilisesi) built around 200 AD is a church of great historical significance located in Ephesus. It is also known as the Double Church, because it is thought one aisle was dedicated to the Virgin and the other to St. John, and the Council Church because the Council of Ephesus is believed to have been held here.
It was originally used as a Roman mercantile centre but was converted to a basilica in the 4th century. It is the first church to take Mary's name and the site of two important ecumenical councils in 431 and 449, in which the natures of Christ and Mary were hotly disputed.
Marble revetments with crosses are seen surrounding the baptistry. This was from the 6th or 7th Century. You can still see the stairs leading in and out.
Here I opened my bible to Ephesians and placed it on a door entrance to what was probably a Christian's home. The circle with the symbols represented secretively the Christian faith. The other dark circles were so that people would not slip when entering.
Keywords: Ancient, Celsus Library, Christian Symbol, Church of Mary, Ephesians, Ephesus, Hadrian's Temple, Meryem Kilisesi, Pillars, Plaster Muriel, Temple of Serapis, Theatre, Theatre Gymnasium, baptistery, bible
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